UPTON FAMILY

1.    Mary Upton, born say 1740, was presented by the Charles County court on 13 November 1759 for bearing a "Molatto" child by information of Constable Notley Dutton [Court Record 1759-60, 358]. She was probably the mother of

i. William, "Mulatto" head of a Charles County household of 3 "other free" in 1790.

 

VALENTINE FAMILY

1.    Caesar Valentine, born say 1730, was taxable in Little Creek Hundred, Kent County, Delaware, from 1763 to 1766 and in 1771: a "N." (Negro) taxable in 1770, a Dover Hundred delinquent in 1792 [Kent County Assessments, RG 3535, 1743-67, frames 377, 383, 398, 437, 509, 521, 535, 553, 566; 1768-1784, frames 10, 27, 66, 104; 1785-97, 237]. He petitioned the Kent County court on 12 May 1772 to release his son Elijah Valentine from his apprentice indenture made to John Ham, yeoman, of Little Creek Hundred until the age of twenty-one on 6 February 1771. By the terms of the indenture, it could be cancelled by Caesar and his wife within fifteen months if they reimbursed Ham for the clothes he had provided Elijah up until that time [DSA, RG 3505, MS court papers, May 1772 Petition to release from indenture]. He was the father of

i. Elijah, taxable in Little Creek Hundred from 1780 to 1785 [RG 3535, Kent County Levy List, 1768-84, frame 443, 503, 542, 571, 583, 608, 620; 1785-97, frame 9, 24].

ii. ?Abraham, taxable in Little Creek Hundred from 1786 to 1790 [RG 3535, Kent County Levy List, 1784-97, frame 49, 72, 138, 176], perhaps the A. Valentine who was head of a Kent County, Delaware household in 1810 [DE:161]. His wife may have been Jance Valentine, head of a Little Creek, Sussex County household of 2 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:214].

 

1.    Thomas1 Valentine, born say 1753, was probably identical to slave: "Valentine aged 16 years/ free born" who was valued at 12 pounds in the 1 March 1769 St. Mary's County estate of Francis Thompson [Prerogative Inventories, 101:322]. He was head of a St. Mary's County, Maryland household of 4 "other free" and a white woman in 1790. He may have been the Thomas Valentine, "mulatto," who broke jail in St. Mary's County, Maryland, and was thought to be in Alexandria according to the 4 August 1785 issue of the Virginia Journal and Alexandria Advertiser [Headley, 18th Century Virginia Newspapers, 347].

 

VERDIN FAMILY

1.    Anthony Verdin, born say 1770, was head of a Murderkill Hundred, Kent County, Delaware household of 6 "other free" in 1800 [DE:118]. He may have been the father of

i. Nancy, married Silas Lewis, "Mulatoes," on 21 December 1800 in Sussex County, Delaware [Records of the United Presbyterian Churches of Lewes, Indian River and Cool Spring, Delaware 1756-1855, 316].

ii. James, head of an Indian River, Sussex County household of 7 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:208].

 

WALKER FAMILY

1.    Mary Walker, born say 1683, was the servant of Samuel Hopkins in Somerset County, Maryland, on 11 June 1701 when she confessed to having a "Mulatto" child by a slave named Lawrence. The court ordered that Lawrence receive fifteen lashes, and on 10 August 1803 the court sold her to Samuel Hopkins, Jr., for seven years for 3,000 pounds of tobacco [Judicial Record 1698-1701, 508; 1702-5, 53]. She may have been the ancestor of

i. Daniel, "Free Mulatto" head of a Queen Anne's County, Maryland household of 3 "other free" in 1790 and 3 in 1800 [MD:385].

 

WALLACE FAMILY

Members of the Wallace family of Maryland and Delaware were

i. Richard, head of a Talbot County household of 4 "other free" and a slave in 1790 and head of a Mispillion Hundred, Kent County, Delaware household of 3 "other free" in 1800 [DE:103].

ii. Prince, head of a Kent County, Maryland household of 6 "other free" and a slave in 1800 [MD:168].

iii. Roger, head of a Murderkill Hundred, Delaware household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [DE:121].

iv. Isaac, head of a Murderkill Hundred, Kent County, Delaware household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [DE:129] and 5 in 1810 [DE:50].

v. Briscoe, head of a Kent County, Maryland household of 4 "other free" in 1800 [MD:156].

vi. Rachel, born about 1785, obtained a certificate of freedom in Anne Arundel County on 12 April 1813: dark complexion, about twenty eight years of age ... free born [Certificates of Freedom 1810-31, 33].

vii. Robert, born about 1790, obtained a certificate of freedom in Somerset County on 21 June 1825: born free in Somerset County ... black Complexion ... thirty five years of age [Certificates of Freedom 1821-32, 50].

 

WANSEY FAMILY

1.   Sherry Wansey, born say 1635, and Freegift Wansey were "negroes" freed by the 22 June 1764 Kent County, Delaware will of Joseph Jones who also gave them 200 acres of land and named Sherry as his executor before leaving for England [WB A-1:1]. Sherrey received a certificate of freedom in Dorchester County on 10 December 1681 [de Valinger, Kent County General Court Records 1680-1725, 73]. Sheery was a "poor decriped free Negro" who the Talbot County court allowed 500 pounds of tobacco for maintenance in June 1715 [Judgment Records 1714-17, 227]. They were apparently the ancestors of

2        i. Charles, born say 1745.

ii.Peter, born say 1750, taxable in Little Creek Hundred, Kent County, Delaware, in 1767, 1771 and 1773 [Kent County Levy List, 1743-67, frame 552; 1768-84, frames 104, 129, 185] and head of a Kent County household of 6 "other free" in 1810 [DE:43]. He was called a "Negro yeoman" when he was charged with assaulting Henry Cowgel in Little Creek Hundred on 6 August 1782 [DSA, RG 3805, MS August 1782 Indictments].

 

2.    Charles Wansey, born say 1745, was living in Kent County, Delaware, on 20 March 1790 when Bancroft Woodcock advertised a reward in the Delaware Gazette for the return of Charles' "mulatto" son Elijah Wansey who was apprenticed to Woodcock [Wright, Delaware Newspaper Abstracts, 12]. His child was

i. Elijah, born say 1770.

 

WARD FAMILY

1.    Anne Ward, born say 1710, was the servant of Joseph Young on 17 March 1729/30 when she admitted in Kent County, Maryland Court that she had a "Mullatto" child by a "Negroe." The court ordered that she be sold for seven years and sold her child to Joseph Young until the age of thirty-one [Criminal Proceedings 1728-34, 107]. She was probably the ancestor of

i. Honorio, convicted of adultery with a "Mulatto" person by the Talbot County court in March 1744/5. Anthony Guy, planter, was security for payment of her fine of three pounds [Judgment Record 1744-5, 231].

ii. Mole, a "Negro" head of a Kent County household of 3 "other free" in 1790.

iii. Peggy, head of a Baltimore City household of 9 "other free" in 1800 [MD:391].

iv. Sarah, head of an Anne Arundel County household of 3 "other free" in 1800 [MD:113].

v. Nancy, head of an Anne Arundel County household of 2 "other free" in 1800 [MD:116].

vi. Ann, head of an Anne Arundel County household of 2 "other free" in 1800 [MD:116].

 

WATERS FAMILY

Members of the Waters family were

1        i. George1, born say 1750.

2        ii. Nace, born say 1760.

iii. Ephraim, head of an Anne Arundel County, Maryland household of 4 "other free" in 1800 [MD:93].

3        iv. William, born say 1765.

 

1.    George1 Waters, born say 1750, was head of a Talbot County, Maryland household of 11 "other free" in 1800 [MD:510-1/2]. He may have been the father of

i. Rachel, born about 1792, obtained a certificate of freedom in Talbot County on 8 May 1816: a Black woman ... about 24 years of age, 4 feet 11 Inches high [Certificates of Freedom 1815-28, 30].

 

2.    Nace Waters, born say 1760, was head of a Baltimore City, Maryland household of 10 "other free" in 1800 [MD:387]. Nace may have been the parent of

i. Charlotte, born about 1784, a 15 or 16 year old "free mulatto" who was baptized at St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore on 30 December 1790 [Reamy, Records of St. Paul's Parish, vol. I, 135].

 

3.    William Waters, born say 1765, was head of a Kent County, Delaware household of 7 "other free" in 1800 [DE:64]. Perhaps his widow was Elizabeth Waters, head of a Little Creek Hundred, Kent County household of 4 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:22]. Their children were most likely

i. George2, born 1776-1794, head of a Dover Hundred, Kent County household of 11 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:22].

ii. Samuel, born 1776-1794, head of a Little Creek Hundred, Kent County household of 4 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:20].

 

WATSON FAMILY

1.    Elizabeth Watson, born say 1716, confessed to the Anne Arundel County court in March 1735/6 that she had an illegitimate child which the court adjudged to be a "begot by some Negro." The court bound her five-week-old daughter Sabrina to Richard Watts until the age of thirty-one [Judgment Record 1734-6, 451]. They may have been the ancestors of

i. Thomas, head of a Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania household of 2 "other free" in 1790.

ii. Mary, head of a North Millford, Cecil County household of 1 "other free" in 1790.

iii. C., head of a Frederick County household of 6 "other free" in 1810 [MD:615].

 

WEBBER FAMILY

1.    Sarah Webber, born say 1750, pled guilty to "Mulatto Bastardy" in Queen Anne's County court in November 1771. Her daughter Ann, born 22 November 1771, was sold (until the age of thirty-one) to Philemon Phillips for 108 pounds of tobacco. The court sold Sarah for seven years to Philemon Phillips for 1,000 pounds of tobacco on 26 August 1774. She was probably the mother of James Webber who the court paid Philemon Phillips to maintain in November 1779 [Surles, And they Appeared at Court 1770-1772, 93; 1774-1777, 27, 1779-1787, 33]. She was the mother of

i. Ann, born 22 November 1771.

ii. ?Primus, "F.N." head of a Kent County, Delaware household of 6 "other free" in 1810 [DE:45].

iii. ?Amos, born before 1776, "N." head of a Duck Creek Hundred, Kent County, Delaware household of 2 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:52].

 

WEBSTER FAMILY

Members of the Webster family were

i. Thomas, born say 1745, presented by the Charles County court in August 1772 for failing to list as a tithable his wife who was a slave hired to him. He was fined 500 pounds for the offense in November 1772 [Court Records 1772-3, 2, 171]. He was a "Mulatto" head of a Charles County household of 3 "other free" in 1790.

ii. Daniel, born about 1752, head of a Prince William County, Virginia household of 6 "other free" in 1810 [VA:501], a sixty-year-old "free Negro," living in Prince William County in 1812 when he petitioned the legislature to allow him to free his wife and children who were his slaves [Petitions, Prince William County, 1812, cited by Russell, The Free Negro in Virginia, 92]. He and his wife Lucy were residing at Accoquan Mills in Prince William County on 28 September 1821 when their son William Armstead Webster registered in the Court of the District of Columbia in Alexandria: free born, twenty-three years of age, a bright mulatto [Arlington County Register of Free Negroes, 1797-1861, no. 89, p.65].

iii. John, head of a Talbot County household of 8 "other free" in 1800 [MD:549].

iv. Joseph, head of a Baltimore City household of 6 "other free" in 1800 [MD:391].

 

WEDGE FAMILY

1.    Mary Wedge, born say 1709, a white servant woman of St. Barnard's Parish, Patuxent Hundred, Prince George's County, was presented by the court in March 1727 for having a "Mulatto" child. In June 1727 she admitted that the father of her child was Robert Tyler's slave named Daniel. The court bound her daughter Violetta to her master Thomas Harwood until the age of thirty-one. She had at least four more children who were sold until the age of thirty-one: William, born 8 February 1732/3, sold to Dr. Thomas Boswell; Ned, born about 1734; a child who died before June 1735 when the case came to trial; a child born in 1736 and sold to Robert Perle; a girl, born 9 June 1737, sold to Henry Boteler; and Samuel, born 31 October 1738, sold to her master, Thomas Harwood [Court Records 1726-7, 230, 358-9; 1732-4, 164, 297-8; 1734-5, 108, 351, 410; 1736-8, 15, 46, 60-1, 504; 1738-40, 192]. She was the mother of

i. Violetta, born before March 1727.

2        ii. ?Eleanor, born say 1729.

iii. William, born 8 February 1732/3, head of a Montgomery County, Pennsylvania household of 4 "other free" in 1790.

iv. Ned, born about 1734.

v. a child, born in 1736 who was sold to Robert Perle.

vi. a girl, born 9 June 1737.

3        vii. Samuel, born 31 October 1738.

 

2.    Eleanor Wedge, born say 1729, a "free woman of colour" of Prince George's County, was the mother of

i. Elijah, born about 1748, registered as a free Negro in Prince George's County on 30 November 1822: a colored man, about 74 years old ... dark complexion ... raised in the neighborhood of Dr. Thomas Marshall ... son of Eleanor Wedge, a free woman of colour [Provine, Registrations of Free Negroes, 44].

ii. ?George, "free Negro" head of a Prince George's County household of 11 "other free" in 1800 [MD:278] and 14 in 1810 [MD:21].

iii. ?James, head of a Charles County household of 8 "free colored" in 1830.

 

3.    Samuel Wedge, born 31 October 1738, was bound to Thomas Harwood until the age of thirty-one. He and his wife Jean (no race indicated) petitioned the Frederick County, Maryland Court on 15 November 1763 to have one of their children bound to Battis Trout. The same court ordered that Anthony Wedge, a three-year-old "Molatto Child," be bound apprentice to Battis Trout at the request of his unnamed father [Judgment Record 1763-6, 126, 143; Court Minutes 1763-8, November 1763, n.p.]. He was the father of

i. Anthony, born 20 September 1760, bound apprentice to Battis Trout until the age of twenty-one.

 

WHITTAM FAMILY

1.     Rebecca Whitham, born say 1715, was the spinster servant of Timothy Lane of St. Paul's Parish in June 1734 when she admitted to the Queen Anne's County court that she had an illegitimate child and received fifteen lashes. In November 1735 she admitted to the court that she had a "Mullatto" child by a "Negroe." The court sold Rebecca and her daughter Elizabeth to Walter Lane for 19 pounds [Judgments 1732-5, 274-5; 1735-9, 322]. She was the mother of

i. Elizabeth, born about 1735.

2        ii. ?Sall, born say 1738.



2.    Sall Whittam, born say 1738, was the free "Mullato" servant of Vincent Price on 25 November 1760 when she confessed to the Queen Anne's County court that she had a child by a "Negroe" man. The court sold her son Peter to her master for 500 pounds of tobacco and ordered her sold for seven years after the completion of her service [Criminal Record 1759-66, 60]. She was the mother of

i. Peter, born in 1760.

 

WILKINS FAMILY

1.    Susanna Wilkins, born say 1683, was the servant of Richard Marsham on 10 December 1703 when she was presented by the Prince George's County court for having an illegitimate child, "the begetter thereof supposed to be an Ethiopian Dye or Couler." She confessed to having an illegitimate child but identified a white man named Henry Crumpton as the father. On 28 March 1705 the court agreed with Crumpton that both he and the mother had fair complexions and the child was a "Perfect Malatta." However, there was still some doubt, so the court ruled that her master should keep her and the child for twelve months and then deliver both up to court for further judgment [Court Record 1699-1705, 338, 358]. She may have been the ancestor of

i. Chester, head of a Kent County household of 7 "other free" in 1800 [MD:179].

ii. Catherine, head of a Kent County household of 4 "other free" in 1800 [MD:178].

 

WILKINSON FAMILY

1.    Margaret Wilkinson, born say 1712, the servant of John Howard, was the mother of a "Molatto" girl, born 4 October 1731, who was bound by the Anne Arundel County court to her master in June 1735 until the age of thirty-one. She confessed her guilt, but the court delayed their ruling because they were undecided as to whether the child was "begot by an Indian or Negro." On 9 August 1748 the court bound her daughter Moll to Ruth Todd until the age of thirty-one, the child "being adjudged by the Court to be a Mulatto begot by a Negro man" [Judgment Record 1734-6, 238, 241; 1748-51, 74]. Margaret was probably the ancestor of

i. Jacob, head of a Baltimore Town household of 3 "other free" in 1790.

ii. John, head of a Baltimore City household of 8 "other free" in 1800 [MD:387] and 3 in 1810 [MD:379].

iii. Samuel, head of a Baltimore City household of 4 "other free" in 1810 [MD:10].

iv. Robert, head of a Baltimore City household of 4 "other free" in 1810 [MD:216].

v. Mrs., head of a Baltimore City household of 1 "other free" in 1810 [MD:158].

 

Eastern Shore of Maryland

1.    Mary Wilkinson, born say 1724, was the servant of John Carroll on 1 March 1745 when she confessed in Kent County court that she had a "Mulatto" child by a "Negro.". The court ordered her sold for seven years after the completion of her indenture and bound her child to her master until the age of thirty-one [Criminal Records 1742-7, 376]. She may have been the ancestor of

i. Jacob, head of a Baltimore Town household of 3 "other free" in 1790, perhaps the husband of "Mrs. Wilkinson" who was head of a Baltimore City household of 1 "other free" in 1810 [MD:216].

ii. John, head of a Baltimore City household of 8 "other free" in 1800 [MD:387] and 3 in 1810 [MD:379].

iii. Robert, head of a Baltimore City household of 4 "other free" in 1810 [MD:216].

iv. Samuel, head of a Baltimore City household of 4 "other free" in 1810 [MD:10].

 

WILLIAMS FAMILY

Anne Arundel County

1.    Guy Williams, born say 1678, a "Negroe planter," was sued in Anne Arundel County court on 11 March 1711/2 by Michael Moore for a debt of two thousand pounds of tobacco which he had promised to pay in October 1710 Judgment Record 1708-12, 433-4]. He was probably the father of

i. Mark, born say 1698, identified as the father of an illegitimate "Mollatto" child by Sarah Empy (Impey) in Anne Arundel County court in June 1717 [Judgment Record 1717-19, 10-11].

ii. Sarah1, born say 1712, married Anthony Hill on 18 December 1732 in All Hollow's Parish, Anne Arundel County [Wright, Anne Arundel County Church Records, 46].

iii. Catherine, mother of Moses Williams, born 31 October 1740, and John Williams ("mulato"), born 25 January 1742, whose births were registered in All Hallow's Parish [Wright, Anne Arundel County Church Records, 51]. John may have been identical to John Williams, "Mulatto" head of a Charles County household of 1 "other free" in 1790.

iv. Elizabeth, born say 1724, called Eliza, Anthony Hill's Daughter in Law" in August 1741 when she was charged with bastardy by the Anne Arundel County court. However, the charges against her were dismissed because she was a "free Negro woman." On 11 June 1745 she was called Elizabeth Williams when she was presented by the court for assaulting Elizabeth Jacobs. Anthony Hill was security for her appearance in court. She was found guilty in August 1745 and fined twenty shillings [Judgment 1740-3, 248-9; 1744-5, 322].

v. Sarah2, born say 1725, mother of Anna Williams, a "malatto" born in St. Margaret' Westminster Parish, Anne Arundel County, on 13 June 1746 [Wright, Anne Arundel County Church Records, 121]. She was the servant of Joseph Crouch in August 1746 when she confessed to the Anne Arundel County court that she had an illegitimate child which the court adjudged to be a "Molatto." She was ordered to serve seven years, and her daughter Ann was bound to her master until the age of thirty-one. Crouch purchased her seven year term for four pounds, five shillings in March 1748/9. She had another child named Sarah who was bound to Crouch in August 1750 until the age of sixteen [Judgment Record 1746-8, 216; 1748-51, 197, 629].

 

Another Williams family in Anne Arundel County:

i. Sarah Williams, born say 1725, the servant of Joseph Brewer, confessed to the Anne Arundel County court in August 1746 that she had a "Molatto" child. The court bound her five-month-old daughter Ruth to her master until the age of thirty-one. She was ordered to serve for seven years and indicted for perjury for charging a white man named Charles Hanshaw with being the father [Judgment Record 1746-8, 214].

 

Prince George's County

1.    Richard Williams, born about 1713, was freed by order of the Prince George's County court on 28 August 1744 on the petition of Elizabeth Palmer against his master Philip Mason. Elizabeth testified that he was a "Molatto" bound to Rebecca Hunter until the age of thirty-one-years and that his time was then expired [Court Record 1743-4, 515]. He may have been the ancestor of

i. Abraham, "free negro" head of a Prince George's County household of 6 "other free" in 1800 [MD:262] and 6 in 1810 [MD:262].

ii. Robert, head of a Frederick County household of 3 "other free" in 1800 [MD:853] and 5 in Anne Arundel County in 1810 [MD:56].

iii. Liddy, born about 1794, obtained a certificate of freedom in Frederick County on 6 May 1814: a mulatto woman ... 20 years old [Certificates of Freedom 1808-42, 44].

iv. Sidney, head of a Baltimore Town household of 5 "other free" in 1790.

 

Talbot County

1.    Elizabeth Williams, born say 1711, the servant of Risdon Bozeman of St. Michael's Parish, confessed to the Talbot County court in August 1731 that she had a child by a "Negroe." The court bound her son to her master until the age of thirty-one [Judgment Record 1731-3, 446]. She may have been the ancestor of

i. Richard, born say 1731, a "Mulatto" labourer fined 30 shillings by the Talbot County court in March 1757 for having an illegitimate child by Ruth Dyas, a free "Mulatto" [Criminal Record 1755-61, 93].

2        ii. Ann, born say 1732.

iii. Levin, head of a Talbot County household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [MD:528].

iv. Thomas, a "Mulatto" who owed 240 pounds of tobacco to the estate of William Rasin of Kent County on 24 February 1764 [Prerogative Inventories 83:1-7]. He was head of a Kent County household of 2 "other free" in 1790 and 3 in 1800 [MD:168].

v. Chester, "Negro" head of a Kent County household of 2 "other free" in 1790.

vi. William, head of a Kent County household of 8 "other free" in 1800 [MD:156].

vii. Duke, head of a Kent County household of 7 "other free" in 1810 [MD:852].

 

2.    Ann1 Williams, born say 1732, was a spinster living in Talbot County in November 1752 when she admitted to the court that she had a "Mullato" child by a "Negro." The court sold her for seven years to Josiah Coleman, innholder, for 2,300 pounds of tobacco [Criminal Record 1751-5, n.p.]. She may have been the mother of

i. Ann2, born say 1752, admitted in Queen Anne's County court in March 1773 that she had a child by a "Negroe" slave [Judgments 1771-80, digital images 102-3].

 

WILLIS FAMILY

1.    Ann Willis, born say 1690, was the mother of a "Mallato ... a small Child" who was brought before the Charles County court on 10 November 1710 by Kenett Mackenzey who stated that Ann had left the child at his home. The court bound the child to him [Court Records 1711-5, 321]. Ann may have been the ancestor of

i. Henry, head of a Queen Anne's County household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [MD:387].

 

WILSON FAMILY

1.    Sophia Wilson alias Jane Smith, born say 1735, was the mother of two "Mulatto" children, Elizabeth and Aquilla, who were sold to William Rogers by the Baltimore County court in March 1754 [Liber BB#A, 15, 20, 26, cited by Barnes, Baltimore County Families, 1659-1759, 698]. She was the mother of

i. Elizabeth, born say 1751.

ii. Aquilla, born say 1753.

 

They may have been the ancestors of members of the Wilson family in Baltimore County:

i. Abraham, head of a Baltimore County household of 8 "other free" in 1810 [MD:461].

ii. Rachel, head of a Baltimore County household of 8 "other free" in 1810 [MD:479].

iii. Elen, head of a Baltimore County household of 3 "other free" in 1810 [MD:697].

 

1.     Samuel Wilson, born say 1715, petitioned the Queen Anne's County court in November 1744 to be excused from paying taxes on his "free Molatto" wife [Judgment Record 1744-6, 73]. He was probably the ancestor of

i. William, perhaps the William Wilson who owed 4 shillings to the Queen Anne's County estate of Joseph Evens on 9 July 1751 [Prerogative Inventories 48:414-8], head of a Queen Anne's County household of 10 "other free" in 1790 and 11 in 1800 [MD:385].

ii. Solomon, "F.M." head of a Queen Anne's County household of 9 "other free" in 1790 and 11 in 1800 [MD:385]. He was married to Rachel, the daughter of Sherry Grinnage, on 1 November 1790 when Sherry gave Rachel 5 pounds by his Caroline County will [WB JR B:168-170]. He mortgaged a mare, milk cow, two yearlings, a sow, 1,500 pounds of tobacco and household furniture for a 2,900 pound debt he owed James Stenson in Queen Anne's County on 9 February 1788. He was called a "free negro" when he purchased 50 acres in Queen Anne's County called Mount Hope and Rollings Chance for 50 pounds from George Elliott on 14 May 1802. He purchased 15 acres from Nathan Davis for $210 on 17 March 1810 and 3 acres called Scotland for 140 pounds from Davis on 22 December 1810. He and William Chester purchased two cows and a heifer from Rebecca Matthews for $20 by Queen Anne's County bill of sale on 23 August 1810 [DB STW-6:151; STW-9: 325, 423-4; STW-10:9, 528-9; CD-2, 431-2]. William Chester was head of a Talbot County household of 4 "other free" in 1790, 7 in Queen Anne's County in 1800 [MD:329] and 3 in 1810 [MD:147].

iii. Robert, called a "molo" in 1782 when he was charged with assault and battery in Queen Anne's County court. Perhaps his wife was Mary Wilson, a "mulo" who was charged with him [Surles, and they Appeared at Court, 1779, 1782, 1785, 1786, 1787, 40]. He was a F.M." head of a Queen Anne's County household of 8 "other free" in 1790 and 6 in Baltimore City in 1800 [MD:388]. He was called a "free Mulatto" when he purchased 3 mares, 3 cows, 2 heifers, 22 hogs, a horse cart, a plow, 3 axes, 3 horses, 2 bedsteads, 2 flag-bottomed chairs, 3 iron pots, a pewter plate and dishes, 8 bushels of wheat and 40 barrels of corn for 42 pounds on 22 October 1792 [DB STW-2:285-6].

iv. David, born say 1760, a man of color who enlisted at Chestertown in the 5th Maryland Regiment in June 1778. He was living with his unnamed wife and young son in Washington County in 1818 when he applied for a pension [National Archives pension file 535119 cited by NSDAR, African American Patriots, 121]. He was head of a Queen Anne's County household of 4 "other free" in 1790.

v. Thomas1, a "black" head of household of 4 "Blacks" in Queen Anne's County in 1776, "F.M." head of a Queen Anne's County household of 3 "other free" in 1790 and 8 in 1800 [MD:385].

vi. Thomas2, head of a Queen Anne's County household of 4 "other free" in 1800 [MD:383].

vii. James, a "black" head of household Queen Anne's County in 1776: 1 male over 21, 2 female under 12, 1 female over 21 [Carothers, 1776 Census of Maryland, 147], head of a Queen Anne's County household of 9 "other free" in 1790 and 12 in 1800 [MD:383].

viii. Samuel, "F.M." head of a Queen Anne's County household of 1 "other free" and 3 slaves in 1790 and 3 "other free" in Kent County in 1800 [MD:684]. He purchased a "negro woman" called Winny Wilson, a "negro" girl called Eliza Wilson, and a "negro" boy named Samuel Y. Wilson for $200 from Samuel Y. Keene in Queen Anne's County on 10 August 1807. On 15 April 1811 Sarah Keene certified that Samuel Y. Keene had stipulated in his will that a Mulatto woman named Winny and her four children were to be manumitted if a free man of Color Samuel Wilson who was husband to Winny should pay $400 and she stated in her deed of release that the money had been paid [DB STW-10:9; STW-9:506].

ix. Richard, head of a Queen Anne's County household of 4 "other free" in 1790.

x. Thomas, son of Sherry Grinnage's deceased daughter Ann Willson, received 5 pounds by Sherry's 1 November 1790 Caroline County will [WB JR B:168-170].

xi. Henry, purchased his twenty-eight-year-old wife Teney Wilson and son Joshua by Queen Anne's County deed on 6 February 1799 and sold a mare for $50 on 16 May 1811 [DB STW-4:566; STW-9:538].

xii. Sherry Wansey Willson, nephew of Sherry Grinnage, received a "negro boy Dick" by Grinnage's 1 November Caroline County will [WB JR B:168-70]. He sold a mare, colt, old walnut desk, and a horse cart in Queen Anne's County for $50 on 7 November 1825 [DB TM-3:548].

 

WINGATE FAMILY

1.    Alley Wingate, born say 1742, was presented by the the Somerset County court for having a "black Bastard Child" in January 1763. She confessed to the fact, named William Hast an Indian as the father, and paid a fine of 30 Shillings [Judicial Records 1760-3, 249b-250]. She may have been the mother of

i. Foss, born before 1776, head of a Dagsboro Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware household of 4 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:370].

 

WINSLOW/ WINSLEY FAMILY

1.    Mary Winslow, born say 1688, had a child by Daniel Francisco about 1708 when William Driggers carried her out of Somerset County to avoid prosecution. She returned to the county and was charged with bastardy in court on 9 June 1708 [Somerset County Judicial Record 1707-11, 74, 94, 96; 1713-15, 26]. She was probably the mother of

i. William Winsly, born about 1715, a "Molatto" boy aged fourteen years old in September 1729 when he was bound by the Sussex County, Delaware Orphans court to serve William Sill and his wife Mary until the age of twenty one [RG 4840, 1728-1743, docket #1]. He purchased 354 acres in Cedar Creek Hundred, Sussex County, at the head of Prime Hook Neck on 4 May 1748 and sold 100 acres of this land to Absolom Mosely on 4 May 1765, 100 acres to John Lofland, Sr., on 15 September 1772, and the remainder on 24 February 1776 to John Lofland, Jr., to be held by Winlsy and his wife Tabitha during their natural lives with the exception of 1/4 acre for a graveyard [DB K-10:270; L-11:304; M-12:79].

 

WISE FAMILY

1.    Mary Wise, born say 1714, was the servant of Robert Wells on 21 August 1732 when she appeared in Prince George's County, Maryland Court and admitted that she had given birth to an illegitimate "Malatto" child. The court bound her nine-week-old child Becky to serve for thirty-one years and sold her and the child to her master for 1,500 pounds of tobacco [Court Records 1732-4, 14]. She was the mother of

i. Becky, born in June 1732.

 

They may have been the ancestors of

i. Agnes, head of an Accomack County, Virginia household of 4 "other free" and 2 slaves in 1800 and 11 "other free" in 1810 [VA:35].

ii. Thomas, head of an Elizabeth City County, Virginia household of 5 "other free" and a slave in 1810 [VA:185].

iii. Peter, head of a Norfolk County household of 6 "other free" in 1810 [VA:839], perhaps the Peter Wise, born before 1776, who was head of a Dagsboro Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware household of 4 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:380].

 

WISEMAN FAMILY

Members of the Wiseman family were

i. James, "Mulatto" head of a Charles County household of 1 "other free" in 1790 and 2 "other free" and 3 slaves in 1810 [MD:325].

ii. Zachariah, "Mulatto" head of a Charles County household of 1 "other free" in 1790.

iii. John, head of a Charles County household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [MD:562] and 9 in 1810 [MD:319].

iv. William, head of a Charles County household of 4 "other free," a white woman 26-45 years old, and two slaves in 1810 [MD:321].

v. Robert, head of a Charles County household of 1 "other free," a white woman 26-45 years old, and 2 slaves in 1810 [MD:343].

vi. Thomas, married to Sarah in 1819 when their daughter Mary Ann, born 27 August 1819, was baptized in St. Mary's Mattawoman Parish, Charles County. Elizabeth Butler was the godmother.

vii. Smith, married to Anne on 23 April 1826 when their daughter Catherine Anne was baptized in St. Mary's Mattawoman Parish. Elizabeth Proctor was the sponsor [Colonial Dames of America, Records of St. Mary's Parish, 1793-1861, 26, 122].

 

WOOD FAMILY

Members of the Wood family on the Western Shore of Maryland were

i. Charles, head of a St. Mary's County household of 7 "other free" in 1790.

ii. Jane, "Mulatto" head of a Charles County household of 5 "other free" in 1790.

iii. Mary, a "Negro" indented servant of Jesse Ford of St. Mary's County who was valued at 10 pounds in the inventory of his estate taken on 5 January 1768 [Prerogative Inventories 98:119].

iv. Joseph, a "Negro" indented servant of Jesse Ford of St. Mary's County who was valued at 10 pounds in the inventory of his estate taken on 5 January 1768 [Prerogative Inventories 98:119].

v. Jack, still had seven years to serve on 27 March 1764 when he was listed in the St. Mary's County inventory of the estate of Mr. James Mills [Prerogative Inventories, 87: 30-1].

vi. Henrietta, head of a St. Mary's County household of 2 "other free" in 1790.

vii. Henry, born about 1787, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 28 March 1809: aged 22 years or thereabouts ... Complexion Yellowish, hair is short & woolly ... born free.

viii. John Curtis Wood, born about 1780, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 12 March 1810: aged thirty years or thereabouts ... complexion Dark, hair Short ... born free [Certificates of Freedom 1806-64, 4, 8].

 

1.    Margaret Wood, born say 1718, a spinster living in Saint Paul's Parish, confessed to the Kent County, Maryland Court on 14 November 1738 that she had a "Mollatto" by a "Negro" [Criminal Proceedings 1738-9, 36, 81-2, 110-1]. She may have been the ancestor of

i. James, head of a Sussex County, Delaware household of 7 "other free" in 1810 [DE:332].

ii. George, born before 1776, head of a Kent County, Delaware household of 6 "other free" in 1810 [DE:74] and 2 "free colored" in Mispillion Hundred in 1820 [DE:76].

 

WOODLAND FAMILY

Members of the Woodland family were

1        i. Luke, born say 1740.

ii. Sarah1, head of a St. Mary's County household of 10 "other free" in 1800 [MD:427].

iii. Abraham, head of a Kent County household of 8 "other free" in 1800 [MD:156].

iv. Thomas, head of a Kent County household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [MD:156].

v. Margarette, head of a Kent County household of 4 "other free" in 1800 [MD:156].

vi. Thomas, born about 1775, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 26 July 1816: aged thirty nine years ... complexion bright yellow - hair long & woolly ... raised in Saint Mary's County, born free [Certificates of Freedom 1806-64, 27].

vii. Cato, head of a Kent County household of 2 "other free" in 1800 [MD:156].

viii. Rose, head of a Kent County household of 2 "other free" in 1800 [MD:156].

ix. Jacob, head of a Queen Anne's County household of 1 "other free" and 5 slaves in 1800 [MD:385].

x. Mary, born about 1787, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 24 August 1809: aged twenty two years ... complexion bright ... born free.

xi. Charles, born about 1789, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 30 May 1809: aged twenty years or thereabouts ... Complexion rather dark ... born free [Certificates of Freedom 1806-64, 5, 7].

 

1.    Luke Woodland, born say 1740, was head of a St. Mary's County household of 7 "other free" in 1790 and 2 in 1800 [MD:407]. He may have been the father of

2        i. Sarah2, born say 1770.

ii. Thomas, born about 1775, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 26 July 1816: aged thirty nine years ... complexion bright yellow - hair long & woolly ... raised in Saint Mary's County, born free [Certificates of Freedom 1806-64, 27].

3        iii. Jane1, born say 1776.

 

2.    Sarah2 Woodland, born say 1770, was head of a St. Mary's County household of 8 "other free" in 1800 [MD:412]. She was the mother of

i. Harry, born about 1795, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 12 September 1829: aged about 34 years ... dark complexion son of Sarah Woodland [Certificates of Freedom 1806-64, 81].

 

3.    Jane1 Woodland, born say 1776, was head of a St. Mary's County household of 4 "other free" in 1800 [MD:406]. She was the mother of

i. Celia, born about 1795, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 12 August 1829: daughter of Jenney Woodland, aged about 34 years ... dark complexion ... long woolly hair.

ii. Verlinda, born about 1800, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 1 September 1824: aged twenty four years .. light complexion, long hair ... born free, being the daughter of Jane Woodland.

iii. Ellen Wilson, born about 1804, obtained a certificate of freedom in Prince George's County on 2 November 1827: a bright mulatto woman, about 23 years old, and 4 feet 10-1/2 inches tall ... born free in Saint Mary's County ... daughter of Jane Woodland.

iv. Jane2, born about 1805, obtained a certificate of freedom in St. Mary's County on 12 November 1822: Daughter of Jinny Woodland .. about 17 years of age and is of a bright complexion ... free born [Certificates of Freedom 1806-64, 60, 67, 72, 81]. She was twenty-two when she registered on 22 October 1827 in Washington, D.C. [Provine, District of Columbia Free Negro Registers, 87].

 

Perhaps one of their descendants was

i. John Woodlin, born 1776-1794, head of a Little Creek Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware household of 5 "other free" in 1810 [DE:311] and 9 "free colored" in 1820 [DE:410].

 

WOODWARD FAMILY

1.    Thomas Woodward, born say 1730, was presented by the Prince George's County court on 24 August 1756 for failing to list his "Molatto" wife as a taxable in Prince Frederick Hundred [Court Record 1754-8, 307]. He was probably the father of

i. Bazel Woodard, head of an Anne Arundel County household of 5 "other free" in 1790.

ii. Ann, born say 1755, the servant of Archibald Allen in November 1777 when she confessed to the Montgomery County court that she had an illegitimate child by a "Negro." The court ordered that she be sold for seven years and that her child be sold until the age of thirty-one [Proceedings 1777-81, 33-4].

iii. ?Neptune Woodyard, "F.N." head of a Back River, Baltimore Town household of 3 "other free" in 1790.

 

WRIGHT FAMILY

Anne Arundel County

Sarah Wright, born say 1724, was charged with "Molatto Bastardy" in Anne Arundel County court on 9 August 1748 but acquitted when it was shown that she was a married woman [Judgment Record 1748-51, 81].

 

Somerset County

1.    Comfort Wright, born say 1720, was a "molatto" taxable in James Baker's household in Pocomoke Hundred, Somerset County, in 1739 [List of Tithables]. She may have been the mother of

2         i. Easly, born say 1740.

 

2.    Easly Wright, born say 1740, was a "Molatto" woman living in Stepney Parish in August 1760 when she confessed to the Somerset County court that she had a child by "Negro Edmond." She paid her fine of 30 shillings. She was a spinster (no race indicated) living in Coventry Parish on 16 June 1767 when she confessed to the court that she had a child by Stephen Dutton [Judicial Record 1760-3, 42; 1766-7, 152]. She was probably the mother of

3        i. Stephen, born say 1760.

 

3.    Stephen Wright, born say 1760, was taxable on 150 acres, called "Friends Folly," in Rewastico, Somerset County, in 1783 [MSA S1161-9-10, p.60] and head of a Somerset County household of 7 "other free" in 1800 [MD:459]. He may have been the father of

i. Nicholas, born say 1778, married Mary Wright, "free Mulattoes," on 21 November 1799 in Sussex County, Delaware [Records of the United Presbyterian Churches of Lewes, Indian River and Cool Spring, Delaware 1756-1855, 314]. He was head of a Dagsborough Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware household of 3 "other free" in 1800 [DE:425] and 6 in 1810 [DE:437]. Called a "Negro" when administration on his Sussex County estate was granted to Warren Wright, "Mulatto." The record of the estate names Nicholas, Walter and Frederick Wright, Eleanor Okey, Letty Harmon and Mary Miller.

ii. Daniel, head of a Sussex County household of 3 "other free" in 1810 [DE:353].

iii. Sarah, head of a Sussex County household of 4 "other free" in 1810 [DE:363].

 

Other members of the Wright family in Delaware and Maryland were

i. Margaret, head of a Kent County, Maryland household of 6 "other free" in 1800 [MD:156].

ii. George, head of a Little Creek Hundred, Kent County, Delaware household of 6 "other free" in 1800 [DE:12].

iii. Ham, head of a Little Creek Hundred, Kent County, Delaware household of 4 "other free" in 1800 [DE:40].

iv. Philip, head of a Little Creek Hundred, Kent County, Delaware household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [DE:40].

 

YOUNG FAMILY

Members of the Young family were

i. Grace, "Negro" head of a Kent County household of 5 "other free" and a slave in 1790.

ii. Stephen, head of a Talbot County household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [MD:522].

iii. Frank, head of a Talbot County household of 2 "other free" and a slave in 1790.

iv. Jacob, head of a Frederick County household of 1 "other free" in 1800 [MD:861].

v. Polly, born about 1784, obtained a certificate of freedom in Dorchester County on 25 November 1829: of a chesnut colour ... born free, raised in Dorchester County and is the Daughter of Alex Fitzgerald who was also born free, aged about 46 years [Certificates of Freedom for Negroes 1806-64, 65].

 

YOUNGER FAMILY

1.    Edward1 Younger, born about 1763, obtained a certificate of freedom in Prince George's County on 8 September 1809: about 45 years old ... dark complexion ... free by by virtue of a deed of manumission from Overton Carr of Prince George's County [Provine, Registrations of Free Negroes, 5]. He was head of a Frederick County, Maryland household of 5 "other free" in 1800 [MD:843]. He was married to Polly on 3 April 1812 when his son Edward obtained a certificate of freedom in Frederick County. Perhaps she was identical to Polly Bentley by whom he had a child named William Bentley. His children were

i. Edward2, born about 1790, obtained a certificate of freedom in Frederick County on 3 April 1812: a Dark Mulatto, about twenty two years of age, five feet five and three quarter Inches high ... issue of Edward Younger and Polly his Wife, free negroes, and that this same Mulatto Edward was born free as appears by the Affidavit of Mary Wandle.

ii. ?William Bentley, born about 1792, registered in Frederick County on 22 April 1811: Son of Edward Younger and Polly Bentley free negroes residing in Frederick Town ... aged about nineteen years, about five feet three inches high, of middling dark complexion ... as appears by the affidavit of Abraham Levy who obtained a judgment for his freedom from a certain P.H.N.B. Tot Bostrop in Frederick County Court at Novr. Term in the year 1796 [Certificates of Freedom 1806-27, 28, 71].

 

Other members of the Younger family were

i. Edward3, born about 1796, obtained a certificate of freedom in Frederick County on 3 April 1812: a dark Mulatto Boy aged about Sixteen years, about Five feet four inches high ... was free born as appears by the affidavit of Mary Wandle.

ii. Philip, born about 1799, obtained a certificate of freedom in Frederick County on 8 March 1815: a dark mulatto boy, aged about sixteen years and seven month sold, about five feet two inches high ... is free born as appears by an affidavit of Mary Wandle [Certificates of Freedom 1806-27, 36, 48].

 

Go to Sources

Return to Maryland and Delaware